Our health is determined by what goes inside us. Therefore, it is essential to keep the place hygienic where the food is cooked – the kitchen. According to a study, a kitchen is a place where germs are most likely to be found. Does eating germs sound like a good idea to you? No, right? This is why it is crucial to keep the kitchen clean. This way, we will enjoy a healthy life with a body that is free of diseases.
The article will explain to you the best ways in which you can keep your kitchen hygienic.
#1 Washing Hands
Bacteria surround us all the time. Most of these are harmless. However, some may cause illness. Therefore, in order to avoid the cross-contamination of food, you need to ensure that you touch the food with clean hands.
Sometimes, we do not care to wash our hands properly – we just do it as a formality.
#2 Buying Food
While purchasing the food ingredients or food, always remember these points:
- Check the dates tagged as ‘best before’ or ‘use by’ on the package labels.
- Whenever you buy chilled food, take it straight to your home. In case you cannot put the items in an insulated bag.
- Beware of poor hygienic grocery shops. For instance, if the refrigerator is overfilled, the items may not be as cool as they should be.
- Stay away from damaged packages.
- Pack frozen and chilled food together, if possible, in a cool bag.
All the above points make up to your kitchen hygiene. You might be wondering how. Well, stale food or unhygienic food in the kitchen will not only smell bad but will also be unhygienic. The family members who eat it may fall sick. Therefore, while shopping, always make sure that you buy fresh food items only.
#3 Clean Kitchen
In order for the kitchen to be hygienic, it must be clean and clutter-free from each and every corner. Walls and ceilings should never have cracks or flaking paint. Cracks and chips can let the microbes and dirt get in. Similarly, the work surface should also be smooth without any such chips in order to avoid any unhygienic conditions.
In addition, it is crucial to wash sinks and surfaces regularly with detergent and hot water. This will remove any grease or dust that is present. Last, but not least, the floor must be washed frequently.
Other than these, kitchens that may seem to be clean may even be a home of many bacteria. Potential danger areas of such bacteria and dirt include:
- Cracks in the chopping boards
- Corners of the food trays
- Edges under the work surface
- The handles of furniture, like drawers and cupboards
- The gaps below the utensils
These areas are generally overlooked at and require a lot of attention.
More Points to Consider
- Cover all the grazes and cuts.
- Keep your pets away from the kitchen, especially the food and dishes.
- Always wash hands after dirty washing, touching pets, and rubbish bins.
- Change, disinfect, or bleach kitchen cloths and sponges frequently.
- Clear up the spilled food as soon as possible in order to prevent the spreading of bacteria.
- Use a separate chopping board, knife, and food trays for raw meat.
- Always clean the work surfaces before starting the preparation of food.
- Always wash your hands thoroughly before touching the food.
- Use a separate towel for wiping your hands at all times.
- Always wash your hands before laying a hand on raw food items and before touching the food that is ready to be eaten.
- Wash food trays, cutlery and other dishes with detergent and hot water.
#4 Cooking the Food
- Make sure to wash fruits and vegetables thoroughly.
- Never shorten the cooking times mentioned in the cookery books or on the package labels.
- It is best to defrost food items by microwaving or in the fridge.
- Always cook the food properly to kill harmful bacteria.
- Remember, cooked food must be reheated only once until it is piping hot.
- Never go for recipes that do not involve the cooking of eggs. For instance, mayonnaise. These raw eggs may contain food poisoning bacteria that can only be killed through proper cooking.
#5: Storing the Food
- Always cover or wrap uncooked or raw food items. This will help prevent them from transferring any bacteria or germs to other foods.
- Deepfreeze food items like cooked meats, that are the most perishable.
- Keep perishable food items back into the fridge as soon as you are done using them.
- Do not open the door of the fridge for long or overload it. This may reduce and the cooling of the fridge and hence, food items, causing them to rot.
- Try maintaining the temperature of the fridge’s coldest part between 0°C and 5°C.
- Always let the hot food cool down before putting it into the fridge.
- Always follow the storage instructions mentioned on food packages.
- Never keep the food beyond its expiry or ‘use by’ date.
A clean kitchen is a safe kitchen. The cleaner you keep your kitchen, the safer the food cooked there will be. One should always maintain hygiene in their homes, especially the kitchen. The presence of germs is likely to cause sickness.
Promoting the hygiene of a kitchen not only includes cleaning it but also buying the food, its preparation, cooking and storing. One must keep all these in mind while thinking about the hygiene of their kitchen.